INFORMATION ABOUT PRAGUE

Prague is the capital city of the Czech Republic. It is the cultural, administrative and business centre of our country. It is one of the most beautiful and most visited cities in Europe. Maybe you that it is called "the town of one hundred towers".Prague is the capital city of the Czech Republic. It is the cultural, administrative and business centre of our country. It is one of the most beautiful and most visited cities in Europe. Maybe you that it is called "the town of one hundred towers".

Prague has the area of 500 km2 and here live about 1, 3 mil inhabitants. Prague is about 200 meters above the sea level. Prague lies on both sides of Vltava (Moldau) river. Vltava is the longest river of the Czech Republic. Maybe you know world famous symphony of the same name written by very famous Czech music composer Bedřich Smetana. Vltava springs in the south of the Czech Republic and it flows in the Elbe. There are 17 bridges across Vltava River in Prague. Charles bridge is the most famous, most beautiful and the oldest one in Prague. It was founded by Charles IV. in 1357 and it is decorated by 30 baroque groups of statutes. Prague is the seat of the president and government of the Czech Republic.

Historical centre of Prague is the Old town, Lesser town, Hradčany, New town and Josefov (former Jewish quarter).

 

Old town

- is the oldest part of Prague. The central part is the Old town square with world famous astrological clock. This clock was made already in the middle ages and it works till now. It is possible to see 12 mowing statutes of apostles in two windows every hour.

 

Lesser town

is the second oldest part of Prague. It was founded by Přemysl Otakar II. It is possible to walk through the Kampa Island which is formed by very romantic Čertovka river. Houses are built here directly at water so this part is called "Prague Venice". You can see st. Nicolas church in the Lesser town square. It is the most beautiful baroque church which was built by K. Diezienhoffer. There are many beautiful gardens in the Lesser town as well.

 

Hradčany

in this district you should not miss Loreta church with the famous treasure. Loreta is close to Prague Castle. Prague Castle is the seat of the president and in was used as the seat of Czech kings and queens. The Castle was founded in 880. The most important buildings here are st. Vitus cathedral - the longest and most beautiful gothic cathedral built by a French architect Mathias from Arras. It is also possible to visit the Old royal palace with the famous Vladislav hall, basilica of st. George in Romanesque style.

 

New town

is the modern centre of Prague. This district was founded by Czech and German king and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire Charles IV. The very centre is the Wenceslas square which is 750 meters long. There is the beautiful National Museum with scientific collections and the riding statute of st. Wenceslas. He is the most famous patron saint of the Czech Republic.

 

Josefov

is the former Jewish quarter. Nowadays Prague has the second largest and most famous Jewish quarter in Europe. It is possible to visit the synagogues - the oldest one is the early gothic Old new synagogue. All of them are full of interesting collections. It is possible to visit the Old Jewish cemetery as well.

But you can visit here many other places of interest - for example Petřín hill with the outlook tower and mirror labyrinth on the top. Petřín tower is a copy of Eiffel tower in Paris. Vyšehrad and the national cemetery Slavín. The most important persons from our history were buried here. There is number of museums, galleries, theaters and concert halls too.